The European Parliament has passed a draft “Artificial Intelligence Law” that would severely restrict the use of AI software for facial recognition and would also require developers of artificial intelligence systems such as the chatbot ChatGPT to disclose more information about the data used for facial recognition Creation of their solutions are used. . The final version of the law is expected to be passed by the end of this year at the earliest.
One of the main areas of discussion about the new law was the use of a facial recognition system. The European Parliament voted to ban the use of real-time facial recognition, but the question remains whether exceptions should be made for national security and other law enforcement purposes.
Another provision prohibits companies from collecting biometric data from social networks to create databases for AI. The practice came under scrutiny after it was deployed by facial recognition company Clearview AI. MEPs also added a ban on the use of emotion-recognition technology by law enforcement, border guards, workplaces and educational institutions.
The classification of high-risk AI systems has been expanded. These include models that Parliament believes can cause significant harm to health, security, fundamental rights or the social environment, as well as AI systems used to influence voters and election results. Major social media platforms that use algorithms to recommend content have also been placed on the high-risk list by MPs.
Francine Bennett, deputy director of the Ada Lovelace Institute, a London-based organization that has been campaigning for new AI laws, said the EU proposal was an “important milestone”. “Of course, rapidly evolving and rapidly repurposed technology is difficult to regulate when even the companies developing the technology don’t fully understand how things are going to pan out. However, it would certainly be worse for all of us if we continued to operate without proper regulation.” She added.
Technology leaders are also trying to influence the course of the debate. OpenAI CEO Sam Altman has visited at least 100 U.S. lawmakers and other global policymakers in South America, Europe, Africa and Asia over the past few months. He called for AI to be regulated, then added that the EU proposal could be prohibitively difficult to implement.
The final version of the law will be agreed between the authorities of the European Union – the European Parliament, the European Commission and the Council of the European Union. Officials said they hope to reach a final agreement by the end of the year.