AMD recently expanded its Ryzen 5000 line of processors with the entry-level Ryzen 5 5600 and Ryzen 5 5500 for $199 and $159, respectively. The portal has published an overview of the two new products Tom’s hardware, to compare it with the six-core competitor Core i5-12400 and the quad-core Core i3-12100 from the Intel Alder Lake generation in synthetic tests, workloads and games.
With the release of the Ryzen 5000 series processors based on the Zen 3 architecture in 2020, AMD completely ignored the budget chip segment and focused on the release of processors starting at $250, covering the entire lower part of the market left its older chips primarily to competitive solutions. Two years later, with the demise of the socketed AM4 platform approaching, the Reds finally decided to fix the problem by releasing the affordable Ryzen 5 5600 and Ryzen 5 5500 models.
Let’s briefly recall that the Ryzen 5 5600 uses six Zen 3 cores with support for 12 threads, and the chip operates in the 3.5-4.4 GHz frequency range. There is 32 MB L3 cache, the TDP is 65 watts. The Ryzen 5 5500 model, on the other hand, has six Zen 3 cores with support for 12 threads and works in the frequency range from 3.6 to 4.2 GHz. This new product has 16 MB of L3 cache and has a declared TDP of 65. The lower amount of cache is due to the use of a different crystal – a chip from Ryzen 5000G hybrid processors is used here, in which the integrated graphics core was located disabled.
The Core i5-12400 uses six Golden Cove cores with support for 12 virtual threads operating in the 2.5 to 4.4 GHz frequency range. The Core i3-12100 has four Golden Cove cores that support 8 virtual threads and operate at frequencies from 3.3 to 4.3 GHz.
On default settings, the Core i5-12400 is an average of 2% faster than the Ryzen 5 5600 in games at 1080p. Manually overclocked, the Core i5-12400 has a 3.9% lead over the competition, putting it almost on par with the Ryzen 5 .5600X. This essentially makes the Ryzen 5 5600 the “killer” of the more expensive Ryzen 5 5600X ($230), which makes no sense given the minimal performance difference. Multi-threaded performance of Core i5-12400 is 2.6% better than Ryzen 5 5600 in various office applications and 5.5% better after overclocking. The Intel chip outperforms the competitor by 15.6% in single-threaded performance.
The Ryzen 5 5600 and Core i5-12400 models cost $199, which puts the former in a very tricky position. When retail prices for an AMD processor are close to the recommended cost, the Ryzen 5 5600’s main advantage over the competition is on the one hand cheaper motherboards and generally a cheaper cost for the entire assembly. On the other hand, choosing more mature board models will deny the buyer access to PCIe 4.0 interface support. In addition, the Ryzen 5 5600 lacks integrated graphics, while the Core i5-12400 has an Intel UHD 770 graphics core on board, which can become important when graphics cards are scarce.
If gaming is the only thing a new PC is aiming for, then the $129 Core i3-12100 model is a better bet, notes Tom’s hardware. On average, this processor is 6.2% faster in gaming than the $159 Ryzen 5 5500. However, the latter catches up with it after manual overclocking. The Ryzen 5 5500’s multi-core performance is 19% faster than the Core i3-12100, and after overclocking, the gap widens to 23% in favor of the AMD chip, as shown in the charts below. At the same time, the single-core performance of the Core i3-12100 is 19% higher than that of the Ryzen 5 5500. The publication cites the lack of support for the PCIe 4.0 interface as a disadvantage of the Ryzen 5 5500. Therefore, it is best to use more mature or cheaper mainboard models. However, the Ryzen 5 5500 is certainly a better all-around workhorse than the Core i3-12100.
The performance of processors in coding tasks largely depends on which algorithms (single-threaded or multi-threaded) and instructions are supported. For example, the HandBrake transcoder, which relies on multithreading and actively uses AVX instructions to speed up work, shows higher performance with the Core i5-12400. At the same time, the publication notes that in this comparison, the lead between the Core i5-12400 and the Ryzen 5 5600 keeps changing from test to test. However, the same Ryzen 5 5500 confidently beats the Core i3-12100 due to a larger number of cores with support for more threads.
In most tests, the power efficiency of the Ryzen 5 5500 and Ryzen 5 5600 turned out to be better than the Core i3-12100 and Core i5-12400, especially in applications using AVX instructions supported by Intel processors. However, with the PBO auto-overclocking feature enabled, the Ryzen 5 5600 consumes more power than the Core i5-12400 on average.
edition Tom’s hardware concludes that the Ryzen 5 5500 on Zen 3 could appeal to those looking to upgrade from budget processors based on previous Zen, Zen+ or Zen 2 architectures with more cores and threads to gain an edge over the competition To provide. However, the choice in its favor is overshadowed by the lack of support for the modern PCIe 4.0 interface. When it comes to building, the Core i3-12100 model is the better choice New pure game system.
The publication finds that it would be wrong to recommend the Ryzen 5 5600 as the basis for building a new PC. For these purposes, the Core i5-12400 is better suited. The latter ensures high gaming performance and better performance in everyday applications and also offers support for DDR5 and PCIe 5.0. But as an option to upgrade an existing system with socket AM4, the novelty may well be a good option.